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India become the first country to reach moon south pole – The journey of Chandrayaan-3

satellite chandrayaan 3

The Moon, Earth’s natural satellite, always attracts human curiosity and imagination. Various space agencies and countries have undertaken ambitious missions to unravel its mysteries over the years. The Chandrayaan-3 mission, a continuation of India’s lunar exploration ambitions, is one such extraordinary endeavour.

Chandrayaan Missions: A Brief Overview The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched a series of lunar missions as part of the Chandrayaan programme. The program’s goal was to investigate the Moon’s surface, mineral composition, and geological features. Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar mission, was launched in 2008 and successfully identified water molecules on the Moon’s surface.

The orbiter, lander, and rover on Chandrayaan-2 were launched in 2019. While the orbiter continues to relay useful information about the Moon, the lander’s attempted soft landing ran into problems in the final stages, resulting in a crash landing. This loss further strengthened ISRO’s ambition to succeed, resulting in the development of Chandrayaan-3.

Chandrayaan-3: Mission Objectives and Design ISRO’s third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, is largely focused on completing a successful soft landing on the Moon’s surface. ISRO has fine-tuned the design and engineering of Chandrayaan-3 based on the experiences of Chandrayaan-2 to ensure a smoother landing process. The mission retains orbiter, lander, and rover components.

The Orbiter: Chandrayaan-3, like its predecessors, has an orbiter that will remain in lunar orbit after the lander and rover have completed their descent. The orbiter is critical in transmitting communication from the lander/rover to mission control on Earth.

The Lander: The lander is intended to make a controlled landing on the Moon’s surface. It is fitted with landing gear, navigation systems, and engines to regulate the descent and landing procedure.

The Rover: The mission’s heart is the rover, which is in charge of exploring the lunar surface, conducting experiments, and reporting valuable data back to Earth. It is outfitted with scientific instruments to study the geology, composition, and environment of the Moon.

The Historic Lunar Landing One of the most crucial and difficult phases of a lunar mission is the landing phase. The landing sequence of Chandrayaan-3 is a meticulously choreographed series of maneuvers designed to achieve a safe touchdown. As it reaches the Moon’s surface, the lander activates its engines to slow its descent and maintain a controlled trajectory.

The lander’s sensors and cameras transmit real-time data to the mission control center during the last seconds of descent, allowing engineers to make split-second choices if any alterations are needed. The touchdown is a thrilling moment for the entire globe, who is watching with bated breath.

August 23, 2023 will be remember as the historic day as Chandrayaan-3 on successfully landed on the moon south pole which is a huge achievement for India’s space research program. The rover’s data would help to a better knowledge of the Moon’s geology, mineral composition, and history. It may also provide light on Earth’s early evolution and the origin of the solar system.

ISRO’s ambitious objectives beyond Chandrayaan-3 include putting humans into space, expanding lunar exploration, and delving into interplanetary missions. Each mission builds on the experiences learnt from the missions that came before it, contributing to the expansion of India’s space capabilities and the global advancement of space exploration.

Finally, Chandrayaan-3 exemplifies India’s unwavering commitment to pushing the frontiers of space exploration. Its momentous landing on the Moon’s surface would be a monument to human curiosity and the spirit of exploration as much as a technological success. As we await the outcome of this hazardous expedition, the entire globe waits for the next chapter in humanity’s voyage to the stars.

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